The exposition and the essay as two literary techniques

What is an essay?

An outline is a traditional type of writing for schools that helps improve students' speech skills and practical abilities necessary for fluency. According to psychologists, the most effective is integrated learning, in which the ability to perceive speech is formed in combination with the ability to build a statement. In this respect, narration is the optimal type of work.

Those who went to school probably remember the two types of exercises in literature class, the essay and the essay. Thanks to children's good memory, most people get higher grades for the former than for the latter.

An exposition is a retelling of what is read or heard; an essay is more complex, requiring the student, usually in a three-act structure, to describe the topic, to state his own thoughts on the topic, accompanying those thoughts with some personal, individual conclusions. A detailed description is sufficient for an outline; an essay requires questions and answers.

This is also the difference, in my humble reader's opinion, between literature summaries and other verbal products. Other verbal products are descriptive products-if the author diligently follows a good textbook, the product can be popular, if not, it will remain graphomania for itself.

Literary works, regardless of genre, differ in that there is a "why?" question. What was the purpose of that whole entertaining(or not so entertaining) story over there. What happened as a result? To the hero or his world. And what is the conclusion?

Here, in the recent comments considered an example of the story of a brave dragon-fighting knight who engages in a duel with a dragon. Is that what this book is about? About the brave knight? About the predatory image of the dragon? The killing?

What does the dragonfighter fight the dragon for? Will the knight change? Will his world change? Or will the knight just get the dragon's food and his harem, become a new dragon and it's all just a description of a piece of the food chain. Why?

Types of literary narrative

The research stage of the scientific process culminates in a debriefing that includes proof of hypotheses, conclusions and recommendations, scientific experiments, adjustments to initial proposals, and a literary account of the research process.

The conclusions and recommendations made on the basis of the research are completed with a literary presentation in the form of an abstract, scientific report, article, monograph, report on research work or dissertation.

Abstracts (from Latin hefeгge - "report", "report") are of two types: scientific and informational.

Scientific abstract - a brief oral or written presentation of a scientific topic (question), compiled on the basis of research, review of sources.

Informational abstract - a brief written statement of scientific work, which highlights its main content.

Scientific report - a public detailed report on a topic of research, sufficiently relevant to a particular audience.

Article - an independent work, intended for publication in the periodic scientific literature, which contains (a certain scientific information obtained as a result of research.

A monograph is a special scientific study devoted to a single issue. It differs from the article a broader statement of the problem, argumentation of judgments, their evidence, reference to the evidence (literary sources, performance of enterprises, etc.). As a rule, a monograph has a reference apparatus, a list of references, a chronological reference book, a thematic or name index;

Research report is a non-published scientific and technical document containing detailed information on the essence, methodology and results of the performed research work or a separate stage thereof.

Dissertation - qualification scientific work in a particular field of science, which contains a set of scientific results and provisions, put forward by the author for public defense, and indicating the author's personal contribution to the development of science. It is based on completed and published scientific works, discoveries or inventions.